India’s ‘Cold Start’ Doctrine


Cold Start is a military doctrine developed by the Indian Armed Forces to put to use in case of a war with Pakistan. The ‘Cold Start’ doctrine of the Indian Armed Forces envisages swift deployment of troops on the western border within days if a situation of a full-blown war arises. This doctrine aims to allow Indian forces to conduct sustained attacks while preventing a nuclear retaliation from Pakistan. The operation would be carried out by a unified battle group involving various branches of India’s military. The Cold Start doctrine sought to prepare the army in such a manner that offensive operations could be undertaken within 48 hours of the orders being issued, enabling the Indian troops to take their Pakistani counterparts by surprise. The idea for the ‘Cold Start’ doctrine was fuelled by Operation Parakram, launched after the terror attack on Parliament in December 2001.