Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS Preparation – 6 October 2017

Embryo Transfer Technology, a promising revolution in Bovine breeding

Embryo transfer technology (ETT) has revolutionized the breeding strategies in Bovines as a tool to optimize the genetic improvement in cattle.

Department of Animal husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries in co-operation with 12 States has undertaken a Mass Embryo Transfer programme in Indigenous Breeds under the scheme, National Mission on Bovine Productivity. It has been planned to carry out 440 embryo transfers during October 2-10, 2017 throughout the country. The programme is implemented with the objective of conservation and development of indigenous breeds under Rashtriya Gokul Mission.

Through the use of ETT, (i) a farmer can get a 5-6 fold increase in number of offsprings , (ii) the calves so born will be of high genetic merit and (iii) the offsprings born will be free from diseases.

The programme has been initiated in 12 ETT centres across the country from 2nd October and will continue till 10th October 2017. Under this programme, embryos of higher genetic merit indigenous bovines are being transferred in to surrogate cows. Embryos of Indigenous breeds such as Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Ongole, Deoni and Vechur have been proposed to be transferred under this programme. On first day of ET programme held on 2nd October, 35 Nos. of embryos were transferred in to recipients. Remaining will be transferred on different days till 10th of October 2017.

The technology now being taken up to the doorstep of the farmers will result in rapid propogation of high genetic merit indigenous cattle.


India, Ethiopia sign agreements on trade, communication

India and Ethiopia signed agreements on trade, communication and media to boost bilateral ties. The agreements were signed after wide ranging talks between President Ram Nath Kovind and his Ethiopian counterpart Mulatu Teshome at Addis Ababa in Ethiopia.

The two leaders discussed economic relations between the two countries and also support to Ethiopia in the power healthcare, and education sectors.

The President also thanked Ethiopia for its participation in the International Solar Alliance (ISA), established in 2015. The aim of the ISA is to provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar resource-rich countries and promote the use of solar energy.

Later, Mr Kovind and Mr Teshome also addressed the India-Ethiopia Business Dialogue and released a book titled ‘India- Ethiopia: 70 Years of Diplomatic Relations’.

Ethiopia has been the largest recipient of Indian concessional lines of credit in Africa, with commitment of over one billion dollar.


Kazuo Ishiguro wins the Nobel Prize in literature

British author Kazuo Ishiguro has won the 2017 Nobel Prize for Literature.

The novelist was praised by the Swedish Academy as a writer “who, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world”.

He has written eight books, which have been translated into over 40 languages. His most famous novels “The Remains of the Day” and “Never Let Me Go” were adapted into highly acclaimed films. He was made an Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1995.


Bangladesh Signs USD 4.5 Billion Loan Deal With India

Bangladesh has signed a $4.5-billion loan deal with India for developing its infrastructure, health and education.

The agreement was signed in the presence of Finance Minister Arun Jaitley and his Bangladesh counterpart, A.M.A. Muhith, by Bangladeshi Economic Relations Division Secretary Kazi Shofiqul Azam and Managing Director of the Export-Import Bank of India David Rasquinha.

Bangladesh will use the funds for 17 priority infrastructure projects, which include electricity, railways, roads, shipping and ports.

Bangladesh will pay an interest rate of 1% a year. It will have 20 years to pay back the loans, with a grace period of five years.

Under the agreement, Bangladesh will have to purchase 65% to 75% of the services, goods or works from the Indian market with the money to be provided under the LoC.