According to a UN report, India is among the five countries – Pakistan, Nigeria, Congo and Ethiopia being the others responsible for half of all new-born deaths in the world.
The report, “Levels and Trends in Child Mortality 2017”, revealed that 5.6 million children died before reaching the age of five in 2016.
While India was accountable for 24 per cent of these new-born deaths, Pakistan accounted for 10 per cent, Nigeria 9 per cent, the Democratic Republic of Congo 4 per cent and 3 per cent of the deaths occurred in Ethiopia.
Pneumonia and diarrhoea caused 16 per cent and 8 per cent of deaths respectively among children under five globally. Thirty per cent of newborns succumbed to preterm birth complications and complications during labour or child birth last year.
Going by the current trends, 60 million children would die before their fifth birthday between 2017 and 2030, half of them newborns, according to the report released by the UNICEF, World Health Organisation, World Bank and the Population Division of UNDESA.